Origin and Customs of Dragon Boat Festival

The origin of the 1. Dragon Boat Festival

The Dragon Boat Festival was originally founded by the ancestors of Wu and Yue in the south to worship the dragon ancestors and pray for blessings to ward off evil spirits. Because it is said that Qu Yuan, a poet of the State of Chu during the Warring States Period, jumped the Miluo River and committed his own death on May 5, people later also regarded the Dragon Boat Festival as a festival to commemorate Qu Yuan; there are also statements to commemorate Wu Zixu, Cao E and Jie Zitui.

Generally speaking, the Dragon Boat Festival originated from the ancient ancestors who chose the auspicious day of "flying dragon in the sky" to worship the dragon ancestors, pray for blessing and ward off evil spirits, and inject the fashion of "dispelling diseases and preventing epidemics" in summer season. The Dragon Boat Festival was regarded as the "evil moon and evil day" in the northern Central Plains, with the memorial content of Qu Yuan and other historical figures.

2. the customs of the Dragon Boat Festival

  1. Eat zongzi and insert wormleaf

During the Warring States Period, the poet Qu Yuan was very popular with the King of Chu, but he was jealous of some princes and ministers. Therefore, these people colluded and often slandered Qu Yuan in front of the King of Chu, making the King of Chu increasingly distrustful of Qu Yuan and alienated him. The King of Chu listened to the bad words of those princes and ministers and really thought Qu Yuan was a scourge, so he drove Qu Yuan elsewhere. Qu Yuan was filled with grief and anger, so he jumped into the Luogu River on the fifth day of the fifth lunar month. The common people all loved Qu Yuan very much, for fear that the fish and shrimp in the river would eat Qu Yuan's body. They threw rice balls into the river to feed the fish and shrimp. Others rowed dragon boats and beat drums on the shore to scare the fish and shrimp away.
2. Grilled dragon boat

The dragon boat has a long history and is a multi-person collective paddle race. The dragon boat race is divided into several sections, such as inviting dragons, offering sacrifices to dragons, traveling dragons and collecting dragons. Before the dragon boat race, a grand sacrificial ceremony is usually held. The dragon and the god must be invited first. Before the Dragon Boat Festival, we should choose an auspicious day to get out of the water. After offering sacrifices to the gods, we should install the dragon head and dragon tail before preparing for the race. Fujian and Taiwan went to the Mazu temple to worship.

3. Put the kite

Paper kite, which is pasted with paper or silk on bamboo strips and other skeletons, pulls a long line tied to it and can be put into the sky under the wind. It belongs to an aircraft that uses only aerodynamic power. In southern China, children's kites on the Dragon Boat Festival are called "calamity".